The Western Desert or Great Indian Desert of India class 4 Notes
The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert or the Western Desert, is a vast arid region located in the northwestern part of India. It covers an area of about 200,000 square kilometers and is one of the world's most populated deserts. The desert is characterized by its extreme temperatures, sand dunes, and sparse vegetation. It is home to various animal species like desert foxes, chinkara, and blackbuck. The people living in this region are mainly engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry, and the Thar Desert is known for its unique handicrafts, including textiles and pottery. Despite its harsh conditions, the Great Indian Desert is a fascinating and culturally rich region.
Fill in the blanks
The Great Indian desert stretches to Rann of Kachchh in Gujarat. In a desert, there are small hills of sand called sand dunes. The Rann of Kachchh is a salt marsh. The climate in the desert is extreme.
Question and Answers
Where does the Western desert lie? The Western desert or the Thar desert lies to the west of the northern plains of India. What is a desert? A desert is an extremely dry, large flat area Covered with loose sand and rocks. Name three plants that grow in the deserts? Date palm, Kikar and Babul are the three plants that grow in deserts. What is an Oasis? An area in the desert with water and greenery is called an Oasis. Name the animals that are reared by the people in the desert. Sheep, goats cattle and camels are the animals reared by the people of the desert. Name the main festivals of Rajasthan? Gangaur and Teej are the main festivals of Rajasthan.
Describe the climate in the desert.
The climate in the desert is extreme. Days are dry and hot during summer and nights are cold. In winter the days are present but nights are very cold.
Write a short note of life in the Western desert.
Water is always in short supply in western desert. People here mainly rear sheep, goats, cattle and camels. They travel on Camels. Most houses in the desert have flat roof and small windows.
How has the Rajasthan Canal helped the people of Rajasthan?
The Rajasthan Canal brings the Sutlej water to the fields of Rajasthan. The canal is helping the farmers to grow different crops such as wheat, jowar and bajra.
Why is a camel called the ship of the desert?
Camel is called the “ship of the desert" because it can move across desert sands easily providing a mode of transportation for people in desert areas.
How are deserts formed? What should we do to stop the expansion of deserts?
A desert forms when there has been a very little rainfall for a long time. At the same time the other two reasons for desertification are deforestation and overgrazing. To stop the expansion of deserts we must refrain from cutting trees.