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Our Mineral Resources Questions and Answers

Table of Contant
Our Mineral Resources Questions Answers (Class 4 SST)

What Are Mineral Resources?


Mineral resources are the valuable substances found beneath the Earth's surface. They are naturally occurring and can be mined for various purposes. Minerals are formed over thousands of years through natural processes. They come in different shapes, colors, and sizes, and each one has unique properties. Some minerals are used to make metals, while others are utilized for their non-metallic properties. These resources play a important role in our everyday lives, from the houses we live in to the gadgets we use.

Mineral Resources of India.


India is a land blessed with abundant mineral resources. Our nation is home to a diverse range of minerals, making it one of the richest countries in terms of natural resources. We have extensive deposits of coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, gold, limestone, and many more. These resources are spread across different regions of India, contributing to our economic growth and industrial development.

Types of Mineral Resources


We can classify minerals into two main types. Those are metallic and non-metallic minerals. Metallic minerals include iron ore, gold, copper, and silver. These minerals possess shiny surfaces and are known for their conductivity and strength. On the other hand, non-metallic minerals, such as limestone, gypsum, mica, and quartz, do not contain metal elements. They are often used for building materials, ceramics, and cosmetics. Both metallic and non-metallic minerals are valuable and have their unique applications.

The Importance of Conserving Mineral Resources


Conserving mineral resources is of utmost importance. These resources are not infinite and take millions of years to form. By using them judiciously, we ensure their availability for future generations. Conservation also reduces the impact of mining activities on the environment, as mining can disrupt ecosystems and cause pollution. Additionally, efficient use of minerals helps in reducing waste and conserving energy.

Uses of mineral resources.


Mineral resources have countless importance in our daily lives. Metallic minerals, like iron ore, are used in making vehicles, machinery, and buildings. They are the backbone of industries and buildings, providing the raw materials for manufacturing processes. Non-metallic minerals, such as limestone and gypsum, are most important for constructing buildings, roads, and bridges. They are also used in the production of fertilizers, glass, and ceramics. Minerals like coal and petroleum oil play a vital role in generating electricity and powering transportation systems. In short, mineral resources are essential for our modern society's functioning and progress.
Follow some examples of Metallic Minerals and Non-Metallic Minerals

Metallic MineralsNon-Metallic Minerals
Iron oreLimestone
GoldGypsum
CopperMica
SilverQuartz

Remember the Points:


All rocks on the Earth have minerals.
Minerals may be metallic or non-metallic.
Ore is a rock that contains large amounts of a particular mineral.
Digging out minerals from deep below the earth (mines) is called mining.
Minerals like iron, aluminium and copper are metals.
Minerals like coal, limestone, petroleum and natural gas are non-metallic minerals.
India has large reserves of coal and iron.
Conclusion

Congratulations, young explorers! You have embarked on an incredible journey to discover the wonders of mineral resources. We have learned what mineral resources are, explored India's rich mineral reserves, understood the importance of conservation, and uncovered the many ways minerals enrich our lives. Remember, these resources are finite and precious, and it's our responsibility to conserve them for the future. So, let's cherish and protect our mineral resources, ensuring a sustainable and prosperous world for generations to come. Keep exploring, keep learning, and keep appreciating the amazing treasures that lie beneath our feet!

Question and Answer Section


A. Tick() the correct answer.
1. The rock that contains a large amount of a particular mineral is called the-
a. ore of the mineralb. metal of the mineralc. none of these
2. A metal made by mixing two or more metals is called-
a. Steelb. Argonc. alloy
3. Mineral oil is purified in a-
a. Mineb. Refineryc. none of these
4. India has large reserves of-
a. Goldb. Diamondsc. coal
3. Short answer questions.
1. Name any two minerals.
Iron and Copper are two minerals.
2. Name any two petroleum products.
Petrol and Diesel are two petroleum products.
3. Where do we find minerals?
We find minerals in rocks.
4. Name any two things made of iron.
Railway engines and Coaches are two things made of iron.
C. Answer the following questions.

1. How do we get minerals from inside the earth?


We get minerals from inside the Earth by digging deep holes in the Earth.

2. Write a short paragraph on the iron ore found in India.


India has large reserves of iron ore. Half of the total products of this iron ore is exported to countries like Japan and Iran. Most of the iron ore mines are in Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra.

3. Why is coal an important mineral? Where do we find coal deposits in India?


Coal is an important mineral because it is used to cook food, run trains, operate machines, generate electricity and other purposes.
In India we find coal deposits in Odisha, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal.

4. What is crude mineral oil? How is it taken out and refined?


Crude mineral oil is the common name for Petroleum. Crude mineral oil is pumped out in crude form from oil wells and taken to refineries through large pipelines.
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