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Our Fundamental Rights and Duties Class 4 Worksheet

Table of Contant
Our Fundamental Rights And Duties
Class 4 (SST) Worksheet

New Words Found
Representatives : People elected by the citizens of a nation to rule over them
Citizen : A native of a country having certain rights and expected to perform certain duties
Public property : The services provided by the government for the public like buses, parks etc.
Points to Remember
+ Constitution of India came into force on 26 January, 1950.
+ It is the longest written constitution in the world.
+ Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar is known as the Father of the Constitution of India.
+ As per our Constitution, India is a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic.

+ Our Constitution has given us some rights that cannot be taken away by anyone, not even the government. These rights are called Fundamental Rights.
+ Our Constitution expects from us some Fundamental Duties also.
+ The Constitution has set some guidelines called Directive Principles to be followed by our government.
Our Fundamental Rights And Duties

EXERCISE

Tick (✓) the correct answer.


1. India got independence on -
a. 15 August, 1948 b. 15 August, 1947c. 15 August, 1946
2. Our Fundamental Rights are protected by the-
a. Government b. Policec. Supreme Court
3. Which of the following is a Fundamental Right of ours?
a. Right to shout b. Right to bedc. Right to equality

Fill in the blanks.


1. Our Constitution came into effect in the year January 26, 1950.
2. Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar is also known as the Father of the Indian Constitution.
3. Our Constitution is the Longest written constitution of the world.
4. Right to equality means all Indians are equal before law.

Short answer questions


1. What is a constitution?


A constitution is a set of rules and guidelines according to which a government rules a country.

2. What is the meaning of sovereign?


The meaning of sovereign is having all the powers of an independent state.

3. What do you understand by democracy?


Democracy means the system of having an elected government.

4. How is India a secular nation?


All the religions are respected in India and every Indian has the freedom to follow the religion of his/her choice. India has no state religion. In this way India is a secular Nation.

Answer the following Questions


1. What do you understand by Fundamental Rights?


Our constitution has given us some rights that cannot be taken away by anyone not even the government, these rights are called fundamental rights.

2. What are our Fundamental Rights?


Our fundamental rights are:
i) Right to information.
ii) Right to education.
iii) Right to equality.
iv) Right to constitutional remedies.
v) Right to life.
vi) Right to freedom (of speech and expression, of assembly, of movement etc.)
vii) Cultural and educational rights.
viii) Right against exploitation.
ix) Right to freedom of religion.

3. What are our Fundamental Duties?


Our constitution enjoins for us certain duties. some of them are:
i) We must give up violence.
ii) We must treat others as our equals.
iii) We must protect our natural environment.
iv) we must help the government in times of danger.
v) We must defend the unity and integrity of our country.
vi) We must follow the Gods said down in our constitution.
vii) We must respect our national flag and national anthem.
viii) We must protect our national monuments and public property.

4. Write five sentences about Directive Principles.


Our constitution has laid down certain directive principles for the government to work for the betterment of its people. Unlike the fundamental right, they cannot be enforced by law. Some example of directive principles are:

i. The government should improve the living conditions of its people.
And

ii) It should maintain law and order so that people can live in peace.
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