New Words Found Majestic : Splendid, magnificent Hoist : To raise a flag up to the top position of the mast with the help of a rope Mast : Along pole to hold a flag Emblem : A sign or a picture that represents an organisation or a country
Remember the Points
+ The national symbols give a unique identity to a nation. They symbolise the freedom and unity of our country. + Our national symbols are our pride. They bind us together. + Our national flag is rectangular in shape and has three bands of saffron, white and green colour. There is a navy blue wheel in the centre. + The four faced lion is our national emblem. It is the seal of the Government of India. It has been taken from the Lion Pillar of Sarnath, erected by Emperor Ashoka. + Our national anthem was written by Shri Rabindranath Tagore and our national song was written by Shri Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. + Peacock is our national bird, Royal Bengal Tiger is our national animal and Lotus is our national flower. + We must respect our national symbols.
Tick (✓) the correct answer.
1. The national symbols are important as they give a country a- a. lot of praise b. unique identity c. none of these 2. What is the shape of our flag? a. Triangular b. Circular c. rectangular 3. Which colour of our flag stands for courage and sacrifice? a. Saffron b. White c. green 4. Which of the following is our national animal? a. Lion b. Tiger c. elephant 5. The wheel on our national flag represents motion and- a. Development b. Sacrifice c. truth
Fill in the blanks
1. There are three coloured bands in our national flag. 2. The wheel of our flag is called Ashoka Chakra. 3. Satyameva Jayate is written on our national emblem. 4. Our national anthem was written by Shri Rabindranath Tagore.
Short answer questions.
1. How many spokes are there on the wheel of our national flag?
There are 24 spokes on the wheel of our national flag.
2. Name all the colours of our national flag.
Saffron, white and green are the three colours of our national flag. There is a navy blue wheel in the center.
3. What is our national emblem?
This three faced lion is our national emblem.
4. Where did we get our national song from? Who wrote it?
We get our national song from the patriotic novel Ananda Math.
Sri Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote our national song.
5. What does our national animal symbolise?
Our national animal, Royal Bengal Tiger, symbolises majesty and power.
Answer the following questions.
1. How are our national symbols important?
The national symbols of our country are important as they give our nation a Unique Identity and they symbolise the freedom and unity of our country. These national symbols of our country are also important as they bind the citizens of our nation together.
2. Which is our national flower? What does it symbolise?
Lotus is our national flower. It symbolises purity, truth and knowledge.
3. Which is our national bird? What does it symbolise?
Peacock is our national bird. It symbolises beauty and grace.
4. Write a few sentences about our national emblem.
The three/four faced lion is our national emblem. It has been taken from the Lion pillar of Sarnath erected by Emperor Ashoka. The four lions of the pillar are the guardians of the four directions. They stand for power and bravery.
5. What rules should we follow to honour our national flag?
We must follow the following rules to honour our national flag -
i) We must unfurl the national flag only at the top of the mast. ii) We must ensure that its Saffron band is always on top. iii) We should fly our national flag only from Sunrise to sunset. iv) We must never fly a dirty or a torn flag.